The discipline of archaeology, ironically, began with the impetus to prove the Ezra Bible (The Jewish Torah, and the Old Testament) to be correct. The findings however were not what the first archaeologists expected and the very discipline that set out to prove the Ezra bible often became its detractor.
Assumptions that the information in the Ezra Bible was absolutely correct and handed down without error from the ancient Hebrew tribes have been strongly and successfully challenged.
Not least of these are the various translations from Sinai Hebrew (hieroglyphic) to Chaldean/Aramaic (Assyrian phoenetic and the basis of the Ezra bible and the Jewish Torah which became the bible of the Jews when they returned from captivity in Babylon) to Greek (the basis of the Old Testament of the Christians, translated from Aramaic to Greek by Alexandrian Jews).
Confirmation of Ancient Hebrew writing was found by Flinders Petrie on the Sinai Peninsular:
||Inscriptions that Petrie found on the Sinai Peninsula represented an intermediate stage (not later than 1500 BC) of written communication between Egyptian hieroglyphics and the Semitic alphabet. Although he wrote The Formation of the Alphabet (1912), language was not Petrie's forte, and he depended on a sixth sense for free translation of inscriptions and for establishing dates through the study of the forms of hieroglyphs.|| (Encyclopedia Britannica)
As archaeologists continued to dig and uncover the past, the names of persons, places and events as written in the Ezra Bible were either different, missing or not readily recognizable. And more often than not the meagre and fragmented information available was ambiguous enough that scholars could argue their own interpretations without any solid opposition.
It is the prerogative of humans to seek the truth. Communicating ideas and sorting through the various historical accounts and interpretations provides food for the imagination to rise to the challenge of reconstructing the past. So it is with appreciation and respect to the scholars and researchers, both “biblical” and otherwise, who make their findings available for the edification us all, that I take the privilege of borrowing from their work to frame some interpretations.
In applying the information of Oahspe to the mix, I have identified corresponding factors that may assist in locating various key characters by the names given to them in Oahspe and other names which have survived through the ages.
According to Oahspe, the cycle of Cpenta Armij, which began 5960 years before the present (3800 bce), names a number of kings and other persons of South Arabin’ya (an ancient name of Egypt) and Egypt. Egyptologists have constructed timelines and identified historical references of ancient personages, among whom it may be possible to find various persons mentioned in Oahspe.
The first mentioned in the land of Arabin’ya after Abraham and his son Isaac, is THOTH.
Bk of Wars against Jehovih: ** (See end of article re Oahspe references)
||25/27.11. And again De’yus spoke, saying: The Lord your God said to you, Osiris, and to you,
Te in, and to you, Sudga: Search among mortals for one high in su’is [seership], for when I
announce my doctrines, you shall go to that mortal and cause him to write my words, saying:
"These are the words of the Lord, your God." To answer if you have found such a su’is,
I bid you all to speak now before me.
25/27.12. Osiris said: According to your commandments I have searched and have found Thoth
the highest man in su’is, and he dwells in Arabin’ya.||
The words of the Lord God were to be the "Dey’us bible" which was essentially a corrupted version of God’s word as it was given to Zarathustra (See Bk of God’s Word 21/8.1 – 21/12.8) more than 9000 years before the present. The substitution of the false Lord God as the Creator included reinterpretations of the origin of sin and discarded the greater wisdom of the nature of the Creator and His Creation. (See Bk of Wars against Jehovih 25/29.1- 25/29.42).
This su’is (seer), apparently, was not raised expressly for the purpose by generations of preparation, but would be searched for amongst the mortals within the false Lord's dominions. Once such a su'is was found by Osiris, he would have had to have been provided with the opportunity to write De’yus’ bible. This in turn required the power of a ruler to proclaim and impress as a religion upon the people.
When Oahspe refers to Arabin’ya, it includes a large area of land which covers all or part of Africa and what is now the middle east to Iran. Southern Arabin’ya, usually refers to the area of modern day Egypt and surrounding countries to a certain distance. In which case, Thoth may not have been born in the land which is now called Egypt, but Osiris (the false), would have ensured he was given a position close to the king to enable the proclamation and impression of Dey’us new bible and his other decrees through his chosen seer/priest. It would not be surprising then, to find that this person was of obsure birth and origins.
IMHOTEP, in Egyptian chronology was the architect and builder of the "first" pyramid for King Djoser of the 3rd Dynasty, dating anywhere from 2900 to 2600 b.c.e. Djoser did not build the very first pyramid, as they had been made before his time in smaller scale and less durable materials.
||......Nevertheless, he was certainly the first pharaoh to erect a pyramid or large monument of stone. The design of the Sakkara Step Pyramid’s adjacent temple complex, in particular, provides ample proof of this. Columns are shaped in imitation of reed bundles and ceilings in imitation of palm logs. Doors are provided with imitation hinges.....||
Oahspe reveals that Hojax (the builder of the Great Pyramid) named himself after Thoth, i.e. Thothma, signifying the God Thoth (Bk of Wars:25/48.14). Moses refers to the builder of the first pyramid, and the great pyramid as Thothma (Bk of Arc of Bon:27/17.17). Whether he was refering to the same person, or the original Thoth and Thothma remains to be clarified. However, since Thoth had been deified, it would be expected that his name would reflect his full title ranking in the Osirian religion. So it is clear that Thothma the builder of the Great Pyramid took the name as the deified Thoth.
Thoth was a deity of Egypt, and Imhotep is closely associated with him. Thoth's titles connect him with Imhotep. Among them are:
Scribe of Ma'at in the Company of the Gods who Dwelleth in Unnu,
The Pacifier of the Gods,
Lord of Divine Words
||...Thoth was considered to be the heart and tongue of Ra as well as the means by which Ra's will was translated into speech......He has further been involved in arbitration, magic, writing, science, and the judging of the dead......His roles in Egyptian mythology were many. Thoth served as a mediating power, especially between good and evil, making sure neither had a decisive victory over the other. He also served as scribe of the gods, credited with the invention of writing and alphabets (ie. hieroglyphs) themselves.....The Egyptians credited him as the author of all works of science, religion, philosophy, and magic. The Greeks further declared him the inventor of astronomy, astrology, the science of numbers, mathematics, geometry, land surveying, medicine, botany, theology, civilized government, the alphabet, reading, writing, and oratory. They further claimed he was the true author of every work of every branch of knowledge, human and divine......Thoth was universally worshipped by ancient Egyptian Scribes. Many scribes had a painting or a picture of Thoth in their "office". Likewise, one of the symbols for scribes was that of the ibis.......Thoth was inserted in many tales as the wise counsel and persuader, and his association with learning, and measurement, led him to be connected with Seshat|| (Wikipedia)
And Imhotep was also a "patron god" of scribes and considered to be a god of wisdom and peace among other titles which are similar to those of Thoth:
||.....Imhotep is one of the few Egyptian gods (other than the pharaohs) who was actually a real person. He was the vizier of Netjerikhet (Djoser), a pharaoh of the third dynasty. He was skilled in all areas of administration and royal enterprises. Imhotep was also a priest, writer, a doctor and a founder of the Egyptian studies of astronomy and architecture.
Imhotep was known perhaps best of all as the architect of the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara, near Memphis. The Step Pyramid was the first structure created by human hands to be built entirely from stone. It was as a wise man and scribe that Imhotep was first honored as a god. In the New Kingdom was venerated as the patron of scribes. Scribes would pour a couple of drops of water in libation to him before beginning to write. Imhotep was the royal advisor to King Zoser during the Third Dynasty of Kemet. Regarded as the world's first recorded multi-genius, Imhotep was an architect, astronomer, philosopher, poet and physician. During his lifetime he was given a host of titles, among them: Chancellor of the King of Lower Kemet, the First after the King of Upper Kemet, High Priest of Heliopolis and Administrator of the Great Palace.His very name, Im-Hotep, translates as the Prince of Peace....He was also associated with Thoth and became a patron of wisdom and medicine.......Imhotep, called "God of Medicine," "Prince of Peace," and a "Type of Christ." Imhotep was worshipped as a god and healer from approximately 2850 B.C. to 525 B.C.|| (Egytian Myths.net; Masters Museum; College Park; Ancient Egypt online)
Oahspe reveals that the Ezra Bible contains the Egyptian version of the De’yus bible and a book of generations (Genesis), as given and later revised by Osiris:
Bk of the Arc of Bon:
||27/20.17. Pharaoh’s scribes and recorders assembled in Kaona, and they appointed Feh-ya (an Eguptian),
to write the departure of the Israelites out of Egupt. And Feh-ya wrote the account and called it the
EXODUS OF THE HEBREWS, and it was recorded in the king’s House of Records. And copies of
it were sent to the large cities, and there recorded also, for such was the law of Egupt.
Feh-ya’s record was afterward accepted by Ezra, and is that which is known to this day as
the First Book of Exodus.
27/20.18. The Book of Genesis, as it stood in the Eguptian records, was written by Akaboth and Dueram
and Hazed, and was the substance from which Ezra copied it through his scribes, even as it is to
this day. The inspiration of Genesis was from the God Osiris, the false, and his emissaries,
chief of whom were Yotabba and Egupt, who were angel servants to Osiris. And so far as
the records now stand, the spirit of both books was the Eguptian version of the whole subject.
27/20.19. Touching genealogies, in which men seemed to have lived to so great an age, this,
then, is the explanation for it:
27/20.20. Thothma had said to his recorders: "In searching for the truth of legends, give the latitude
of it. For one legend will say, such a man lived seven hundred years ago; another
legend will say he lived one thousand fifty years ago. The latitude between them is,
therefore, three hundred fifty years, which shall be the time of that man’s life." And in this
way latitude became confounded with fact,1093 and with no intent to deceive.
27/20.21. And behold, it came to pass that the records were worthless; and to make matters
worse the records were so voluminous, being more than six thousand books, that the scribes of Ezra
could make neither head nor tail of them. Nevertheless, they were all written, in the first place
not by the Israelites, but by their enemies, where, even so, the testimony of the miracles
is none the weaker.||
And so, it is not surprising to find that the personage of Thoth, Osiris' scribe of the first Genesis also corresponds to an important person in the Genesis of the first Ezra Bible.
Biblical scholars have found common characteristics between IMHOTEP, priest, seer, sage and deified builder of the first large stone pyramid (the Step Pyramid of King Djoser at Saqqara), and JOSEPH, a descendent of Abraham.
The two personages Imhotep and Joseph also have a long list of characteristics in common, below is a link to the article: The Genesis of Israel and Egypt by Emmet Sweeney which lists and discusses the connections:
Were Joseph and Imhotep of Egypt the Same Man?
Extracts: ||………….[Matching Personages between Egyptian and Jewish historical figures are] Joseph and Imhotep. Egyptian tradition tells us that two centuries or so after Menes there lived a great pharaoh named Djoser (“the Wise”), whose vizier, Imhotep, was regarded as the greatest of all Egyptian sages.
Djoser and Imhotep, the legend says, lived during a famine lasting seven years, and it was a dream of the king’s that provided Imhotep with the clue to solving the crisis. Similarly, Hebrew history tells us that two centuries or so after Abraham there lived Joseph, the great seer and visionary, who became pharaoh’s vizier, and helped solve the crisis of a seven-year famine by interpreting the king’s dreams.
Historians, of course, have long been aware of the striking resemblances between Imhotep and Joseph, and a great deal has been written on the subject. They would undoubtedly have realised the identity of the two men a long time ago, but the erroneous chronology, which separated them by over a thousand years, confused the issue.
......it is to Immanuel Velikovsky that the present work owes most. Velikovsky’s brilliant exposition of the contradictions inherent in ancient chronology is the key that has unlocked the secrets of antiquity. In Ages in Chaos (1952), he proposed a complete reconstruction of later Egyptian history, beginning with the Exodus, which he believed to date from the fall of the “Middle Kingdom”. It is largely under the inspiration of Ages in Chaos that the present work seeks to reconstruct the earlier part of Egyptian history. Velikovsky began with the Exodus; we end with the same event......
Djoser’s reputation was enhanced by that of his vizier, the godlike Imhotep. This man was, as we shall see, regarded as Egypt’s greatest ever seer and interpreter of dreams......||
|JOSEPH: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IMHOTEP:|
|1) Second in command under Pharoah||1) Second in command under Pharoah Djoser|
|2) Lived to be 110 years of age||2) Lived to be 110 years of age|
|3) Great architect and builder||3) Great architect and builder|
|4) Stored up corn during 7 yrs of plenty||4) Stored up corn during 7 yrs of plenty|
|5) Saw seven years of famine - fed people||5) Saw seven years of famine - fed people|
|6) Interpreter of dreams||6) Interpreter of dreams|
|7) Built pyramids & palaces||7) Built the Step Pyramid & palaces|
|8) Zaphnath-paaneah- Over physicians||8) Was a physician|
|9) Instituted a income tax of one fifth. .||9) Instituted a income tax of one fifth. .|
|10) Married into the Priesthood of On||10) Married into the Priesthood of On||11) Knowledge of astrology||11) Knowledge of astrology|
|12) Was one of twelve siblings .||12) Was one of twelve siblings .|
|13) Became an educated man||13) A poet and educated medical writer|
|14) Overseer of public works||14) Overseer of public works|
|15) Legendary history||15) Legendary history|
|16) Name means to add, increase, to join or gather together||16) Name means the one who comes in peace|
|17) Coat of many breadths/colors (pas) =wide tunic||17) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -|
||….Scholars were not slow to associate Djoser’s famine of seven years with that of Joseph, and they would undoubtedly have made the connection between Imhotep and Joseph, Djoser and Joseph’s pharaoh, had it not been for the chronological discrepancy. Djoser was supposed to have reigned around 2600 BC., whereas according to biblical chronology, Joseph would have lived around 1700 BC. – yet again, that gap of 1000 years……….||
But Oahspe has revealed that the first De'yus bible (the first story of Genesis) was given in the time of Thoth, at the beginning of De’yus reign, which is around 2850 b.c.e. (Cpenta-Armij cycle Timeline by V.W.) but Osiris revised the De’yus bible after he rebelled from De’yus around 900 years later. And so the Ezra Bible, containing the revised edition of the first Dey’yus bible, evidences the deletion by Osiris, of the generations from Abraham to the beginning of Osiris worship (Bk of Wars: 25/48.)
The importance of Joseph in the Genesis Story of the Ezra Bible, also may be a clue to the character of the writer. If Thoth alias Joseph alias Imhotep was the original scribe of this account, then his own self-importance and role in history was auto-biographed. It is not beyond Joseph’s personality (according to the Ezra bible account) to see himself as a central figure worthy to be bowed down to, even as a god/king is bowed down to, which is revealed in the story of the dream of his brother’s bowing down to him, which later came true according to the Ezra bible story. However, it is also likely that these embellishments were the process of deification that Thoth was subject to in the Egyptian Osirian Religion.
The tribes of Zerl and Iz, of Ham, according to Oahspe were far older than the name Israel, whose origin as given in the Ezra Bible goes back to only one favored man. The name apparently originates from a combination of two ancient tribes of I’hins, Iz and Zerl. The Ezra bible would have it that the Israelites sprung from the twelve sons of Jacob in Egypt only a few hundred years before Moses’ time. However, according to Oahspe: Bk of Wars against Jehovih, there were various and continual migrations of Faithists to Egypt over long periods, usually as a result of famine and warfare in Western Arabin’ya. The names and numbers of the houses of Israel as originating from the twelve sons of Jacob is contradicted by Oahspe’s account:
Bk of the Arc of Bon:
||27/13.8. Levi, being of the fourth birth of I’hin blood, was not acknowledged an heir of the
chosen race, the Faithists. Therefore Levi established a new line, which was called, the House of Levi.
27/13.9. Levi, not being eligible to a Faithist wife, was inspired by the loo’is to take an
I’hin, Metissa, to wife. Metissa bore him a son, Kohath, who, at maturity, was admitted to the
Order of Avah, the third degree of Faithists, at which time he was circumcised, and afterward called
an Israelite, the name given to the Faithists of Egupt………..
27/18.30….They were the uncircumcised tribes of the ancients, the Hebrews nicknamed
them Levites, i.e., imperfect flesh.
27/18.31. And Moses commanded the Levites to camp aside, and not to mix with the Israelites,
and they obeyed him in all things, maintaining that they were the true descendants of Abraham.||
A greater understanding of the origins of the Ezra bible and its interconnection with Egyptian history, using information in Oahspe, allows us to bring the fragments together to reveal a far richer and longer history of the Faithists than previously imagined.
**All Oahspe references are from the Standard Edition Oahspe of 2007